The Indonesian wedding ceremony is very diverse, some huge traditional wedding ceremony is often used to make a sacred wedding is the wedding ceremony of Javanese, Minangkabau, Betawi, Chinese, Malay, Sundanese, Batak, etc.
In the wedding ceremony Sundanese, Sundanese cultural treasures can be seen also through their traditional wedding ceremony tinged with humor but does not removes the feel of sacred and solemn. There are at least nine phases of the ceremony that must be passed by the bride and groom in this traditional Indonesian wedding ceremony.
1. Picking up the groom. This is done by representatives of the bride.
2. Ngabageakeun. When the groom arrived at the home of the bride, mother of the bride greeted with draping strands of jasmine.
3. Akad Nikah. At this phase, the bride is picked up from his room to go to place where everyone had gathered.
4. Sungkeman. The bride and groom paying respect to the parents of both parties by reason of requesting approval.
5. Wejangan. At this phase, the bride’s father or trustee will give some advices to the bride and groom.
6. Saweran. After the phase of Wejangan, the next phase is Saweran. This phase is held with Saweran rhymes of the representatives of the bride, and the bride and groom will throw coins on a bowl with rice signifying the spread of the blessing of the wedding couple.
7. Meuleum Harupat. At this phase bride lit a Harupat with a candle, then the Harupat is sprinkled with water jug. The Harupat was then broken by the groom.
8. Nincak Endog or stepping on eggs. The groom stepped on a broken egg until then washed his feet by the bride.
9. Muka Panto (open door). At this phase, before the bride and groom get into the aisle, representatives of bride and groom are giving rhyme to each other.
Next Indonesian wedding ceremony is come from the land of Java, mainly from the city of Solo. In Javanese wedding ceremony, there are at least 8 stages to be held:
1. Sowan Luhur is asking for blessings from the elders and makes a pilgrimage to the tomb of the ancestors of both groom and bride.
2. Wilujengan is a ritual as a form of application to the God Almighty.
3. Pasang Tarub is a tradition of making ‘bleketepe’ or woven palm leaves to be used as a roof or shade Manton reception.
4. Pasang Tuwuhan, it is consisting of a banana tree whose fruit has been ripe, wulung cane, cengkir gadhing, cottonwoods leaf of pari sewuli, and other various leaves.
5. Siraman and Sade Dawet (Dodo Dawet)
6. Pemingitan. This phase had done during the week, or at least 3 days. In this period, bride every night get scrubbed and got a lot of advice on how to be a wife and mother and set up house family.
7. Midodareni. Traditional Javanese people believe that on that night, the angels of heaven will come down to earth and come to the house of the bride, to enhance and beautify of the bride.
8. Ijab Panikah. Implementation of this Ijab Panikah refers to the religion professed by the bride.
Those are two of much Indonesian wedding ceremony which are held in the entire country of Indonesia. Each Indonesian wedding ceremony is held based on the ethnic group of the bride or the groom, or both; although they are not in the land of their ethnic group. For example, Sundanese people can hold a Sundanese wedding ceremony in the land of Java, Batak, or Ambon. So does the Javanese, Batak, Ambon, or any Indonesian ethnic group can hold their ethnic wedding ceremony in the land of Sunda or anywhere else in Indonesia. This is the reality of the Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, which means, Unity in Diversity.